Drug-drug interaction database for safe prescribing of systemic antifungal agents

Saarah Niazi-Ali, Graham T Atherton, Marcin Walczak, David W Denning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


INTRODUCTION: A drug-drug interaction (DDI) describes the influence of one drug upon another or the change in a drug's effect on the body when the drug is taken together with a second drug. A DDI can delay, decrease or enhance absorption or metabolism of either drug. Several antifungal agents have a large number of potentially deleterious DDIs.

METHODS: The antifungal drug interactions database https://antifungalinteractions.org/was first launched in 2012 and is updated regularly. It is available as web and app versions to allow information on potential drug interactions with antifungals with a version for patients and another for health professionals. A new and updated database and interface with apps was created in 2019. This allows clinicians and patients to rapidly check for DDIs. The database is fully referenced to allow the user to access further information if needed. Currently DDIs for fluconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole, posaconazole, isavuconazole, terbinafine, amphotericin B, caspofungin, micafungin and anidulafungin are cross-referenced against 2398 other licensed drugs, a total of nearly 17,000 potential DDIs.

RESULTS: The database records 541 potentially severe DDIs, 1129 moderate and 1015 mild DDIs, a total of 2685 (15.9%).

CONCLUSION: As the online database and apps are free to use, we hope that widespread acceptance and usage will reduce medical misadventure and iatrogenic harm from unconsidered DDIs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20499361211010605
JournalTherapeutic advances in infectious disease
Publication statusPublished - 2021


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