e-Textile Embroidered Wearable Near-Field Communication RFID Antennas

Yutong Jiang, Lulu Xu, Kewen Pan, Ting Leng, Yi Li, Laith Danoon, Zhirun Hu

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Wearable e-textile Near Field Communication (NFC) RFID antennas fully integrated with garments using embroidery techniques, which enables everyday clothing to become connective to wireless communication systems, is presented. The e-textile wearable antennas have been designed through full electromagnetic wave simulation based on the electrical properties of conductive treads and textile substrates at the High Frequency (HF) band, allocated for NFC wireless communications. The e-textile wearable NFC antenna performance under mechanical bending as well as human body effects have been experimentally studied and evaluated; the antennas can operate under significantly bending angle and body effects attributed to its broad operating bandwidth. This is highly desirable and distinguished to conventional NFC antennas; the proposed e-textile wearable NFC antennas can be placed almost any place on clothes and still capable to communicate at desired operating frequency of 13.56MHz. The maximum read range of the e-textile wearable NFC tags are measured to be around 5.6cm, being compatible to typical commercially available metallic NFC tags. The e-textile wearable NFC tags can lead to numerous potential applications such as information exchange, personal security, health monitoring and IoTs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIET Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation
Early online date17 Jan 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019


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