Each lipase has a unique sensitivity profile for organophosphorus inhibitors.

Gary B Quistad, Shannon N Liang, Karl J Fisher, Daniel K Nomura, John E Casida

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Lipases sensitive to organophosphorus (OP) inhibitors play critical roles in cell regulation, nutrition, and disease, but little is known on the toxicological aspects in mammals. To help fill this gap, six lipases or lipase-like proteins are assayed for OP sensitivity in vitro under standard conditions (25 degrees C, 15 min incubation). Postheparin serum lipase, lipoprotein lipase (LPL) (two sources), pancreatic lipase, monoacylglycerol (MAG) lipase, cholesterol esterase, and KIAA1363 are considered with 32 OP pesticides and related compounds. Postheparin lipolytic activity in rat serum is inhibited by 14 OPs, including chlorpyrifos oxon (IC50 50-97 nM). LPL (bovine milk and Pseudomonas) generally is less inhibited by the insecticides or activated oxons, but the milk enzyme is very sensitive to six fluorophosphonates and benzodioxaphosphorin oxides (IC50 7-20 nM). Porcine pancreatic lipase is very sensitive to dioctyl 4-nitrophenyl phosphate (IC50 8 nM), MAG lipase of mouse brain to O-4-nitrophenyl methyldodecylphosphinate (IC50 0.6 nM), and cholesterol esterase (bovine pancreas) to all of the classes of OPs tested (IC50 <10 nM for 17 compounds). KIAA1363 is sensitive to numerous OPs, including two O-4-nitrophenyl compounds (IC50 3-4 nM). In an overview, inhibition of 28 serine hydrolases (including lipases) by eight OPs (chlorpyrifos oxon, diazoxon, paraoxon, dichlorvos, and four nonpesticides) showed that brain acetylcholinesterase is usually less sensitive than butyrylcholinesterase, liver esterase, cholesterol esterase, and KIAA1363. In general, each lipase (like each serine hydrolase) has a different spectrum of OP sensitivity, and individual OPs have unique ranking of potency for inhibition of serine hydrolases.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)166-172
    Number of pages6
    JournalToxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - May 2006


    • Chlorpyrifos oxon
    • Cholesterol esterase
    • Lipase
    • Lipoprotein
    • Organophosphorus


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