Earth Observation Technologies: Low-End-Market Disruptive Innovation

Silvia Rodriguez-Donaire, Miquel Sureda, Daniel Garcia-Almiñana, Eloi Sierra, Jose S. Perez, Peter Roberts, Jonathan Becedas, Georg H. Herdrich, Dhiren Kataria, Ronald Outlaw, Leonardo Ghizoni, Rachel Villain, Alexis Conte, Badia Belkouchi, Katharine Smith, Steve Edmondson, Sarah Haigh, Nicholas Crisp, Vitor Toshiyuki Abrao Oiko, Rachel LyonsStephen Worrall, Sabrina Livadiotti, Claire Huyton, Luciana Sinpetru, Rosa M. Dominguez, David Gonzalez, Francesco Romano, Yung-An Chan, Adam Boxberger, Stefanos Fasoulas, Constantin Traub, Victor Jungnell, Kristian Bay, Jonas Morsbøl, Ameli Schwalber, Barbara Heißerer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

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Abstract

After decades of traditional space businesses, the space paradigm is changing. New approaches to more efficient missions in terms of costs, design, and manufacturing processes are fostered. For instance, placing big constellations of micro- and nano-satellites in Low Earth Orbit and Very Low Earth Orbit (LEO and VLEO) enables the space community to obtain a huge amount of data in near real-time with an unprecedented temporal resolution. Beyond technology innovations, other drivers promote innovation in the space sector like the increasing demand for Earth Observation (EO) data by the commercial sector. Perez et al. stated that the EO industry is the second market in terms of operative satellites (661 units), micro- and nano-satellites being the higher share of them (61%). Technological and market drivers encourage the emergence of new start-ups in the space environment like Skybox, OneWeb, Telesat, Planet, and OpenCosmos, among others, with novel business models that change the accessibility, affordability, ownership, and commercialization of space products and services. This chapter shows some results of the H2020 DISCOVERER (DISruptive teChnOlogies for VERy low Earth oRbit platforms) Project and focuses on understanding how micro- and nano-satellites have been disrupting the EO market in front of traditional platforms.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSatellites Missions and Technologies for Geosciences
EditorsVladislav Demyanov, Jonathan Becedas
PublisherIntechOpen
Chapter7
ISBN (Electronic)9781789859966, 9781789853018
ISBN (Print)9781789859959
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2020

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