Edge photocurrent driven by THz electric field in bi-layer graphene

S. Candussio, M. V. Durnev, S. A. Tarasenko, J. Yin, J. Keil, Y. Yang, S. -K. Son, A. Mishchenko, H. Plank, V. V. Bel'kov, S. Slizovskiy, V. Fal'ko, S. D. Ganichev

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Abstract

We report on the observation of edge electric currents excited in bi-layer graphene by terahertz laser radiation. We show that the current generation belongs to the class of second order in electric field phenomena and is controlled by the orientation of the THz electric field polarization plane. Additionally, applying a small magnetic field normal to the graphene plane leads to a phase shift in the polarization dependence. Increasing the magnetic field strength, the current starts to exhibit 1/B-magnetooscillations with a period consistent with that of the Shubnikov-de-Haas effect and amplitude by an order of magnitude larger as compared to the current at zero magnetic field measured under the same conditions. The microscopic theory developed shows that the current is formed in the edges vicinity limited by the mean-free path of carriers and the screening length of the high-frequency electric field. The current originates from the alignment of the free carrier momenta and dynamic accumulation of charge at the edges, where the P-symmetry is naturally broken. The observed magnetooscillations of the photocurrent are attributed to the formation of Landau levels.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review B
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 17 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • cond-mat.mes-hall

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • National Graphene Institute

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