Edge-strength of flowable resin-composites

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    Abstract

    Objectives: To evaluate in vitro the failure-forces of flowable composites at different distances from an interface edge of a bulk material. Methods: Seven materials were investigated. An edge-strength testing instrument (CK10) was used in this study. Fourteen disc specimens were prepared (12 mm × 2.5 mm) for each material using Teflon moulds, with a layering technique and light curing at 500 mW/cm2. Measurements were made (n = 5 per distance) at 0.4 mm until 1.0 mm distance from the edge with 0.1 mm interval. All specimens prepared were stored in distilled water at 37 °C for 1 week. The failure-force was recorded for each test and the failure mode was examined under the integral microscope of the CK10. One-way ANOVA followed by Tukey post-hoc test at the significance level of 0.05 was used for statistical analysis. Results: The highest failure-force at 0.5 mm (edge-strength) was found with Grandio flow (130.2 N) while the lowest was with Filtek flow (103.6 N). Significant correlation was found between the failure-forces and the increasing distance from the edge in all flowable composites giving coefficients ranging from r2 = 0.98 to 0.95. However, no correlation was found between the failure-forces and the percent filler (wt.%) of flowable composites at all distances. Two modes of failure were observed cracking and chipping. Conclusions: Edge-strength of flowable composites could be used to differentiate between materials and predict their clinical margin performance. Edge-fracture resistance of flowable composites is lower towards the margins than towards the centre of restoration. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)63-68
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Dentistry
    Volume36
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008

    Keywords

    • Edge-strength
    • Failure-force
    • Flowables
    • Resin-composites

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