Effect of β2-adrenoceptor agonists and other cAMP-elevating agents on inflammatory gene expression in human ASM cells: A role for protein kinase A

Manminder Kaur, Neil S. Holden, Sylvia M. Wilson, Maria B. Sukkar, Kian Fan Chung, Peter J. Barnes, Robert Newton, Mark A. Giembycz

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    In diseases such as asthma, airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells play a synthetic role by secreting inflammatory mediators such as granulocyte- macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), IL-6, or IL-8 and by expressing surface adhesion molecules, including ICAM-1. In the present study, PGE 2, forskolin, and short-acting (salbutamol) and long-acting (salmeterol and formoterol) β2-adrenoceptor agonists reduced the expression of ICAM-1 and the release of GM-CSF evoked by IL-1β in ASM cells. IL-1β-induced IL-8 release was also repressed by PGE2 and forskolin, whereas the β2-adrenoceptor agonists were ineffective. In each case, repression of these inflammatory indexes was prevented by adenoviral overexpression of PKIα, a highly selective PKA inhibitor. These data indicate a PKA-dependent mechanism of repression and suggest that agents that elevate intracellular cAMP, and thereby activate PKA, may have a widespread anti-inflammatory effect in ASM cells. Since ICAM-1 and GM-CSF are highly NF-κB-dependent genes, we used an adenoviral-delivered NF-κB-dependent luciferase reporter to examine the effects of forskolin and the β2-adrenoceptor agonists on NF-κB activation. There was no effect on luciferase activity measured in the presence of forskolin or β2-adrenoceptor agonists. This finding is consistent with the observation that IL-1β-induced expression of IL-6, a known NF-κB-dependent gene in ASM, was also unaffected by β2- adrenoceptor agonists, forskolin, PGE2, 8-bromo-cAMP, or rolipram. Collectively, these results indicate that repression of IL-1β-induced ICAM-1 expression and GM-CSF release by cAMP-elevating agents, including β2-adrenoceptor agonists, may not occur through a generic effect on NF-κB. Copyright © 2008 the American Physiological Society.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)L505-L514
    JournalAJP: Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
    Volume295
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sept 2008

    Keywords

    • Asthma
    • Human airway smooth muscle cells
    • Inflammation
    • Prostaglandin

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