Effect of diphenyliodonium hexafluorophosphate on the physical and chemical properties of ethanolic solvated resins containing camphorquinone and 1-phenyl-1,2-propanedione sensitizers as initiators

Diogo Dressano, Alan Rodrigo Palialol, Thaty A. Xavier, Roberto R. Braga, Joe D. Oxman, David C. Watts, Giselle Maria Marchi, Adriano Fonseca Lima

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Objectives: To evaluate the effects of the diphenyliodonium hexafluorophosphate (DPI) on the physical and mechanical properties of solvated dental adhesive resins containing camphorquinone (CQ) and/or 1-phenyl-1,2-propanedione (PPD) as initiators. Methods: Model solvated resins containing bisphenol glycidyl methacrylate (BisGMA); triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA); 1, 3-Glycerol dimethacrylate (GDMA); 2-Hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA); dimethylaminoethyl amine benzoate (EDAB) and ethanol were prepared. The resins were divided in 24 test groups according to the incorporated initiator systems (CQ-0.5 or 1mol%; PPD-0.5 or 1mol%; CQ+PPD-0.5 or 1mol%) as well the presence of DPI (0, 0.5 or 1mol%). Degree of conversion (using Fourier-transformed near infrared spectroscopy), flexural strength and modulus by three point bending, cohesive strength and water sorption and solubility were measured. Data were statistically analyzed by one and two way ANOVA and Tukey’s test (α:0.05). Results: DPI increased the degree of conversion of all materials tested. Camphorquinone promoted higher degree of conversion than resins containing only PPD or CQ+PPD. Generally, the resins containing PPD+CQ with DPI presented higher flexural strength and modulus, cohesive strength, as well lower water sorption and solubility. Significance: The use of PPD combined with CQ can increase the physical properties of the solvated resins. DPI improved the monomer conversion of all experimental materials and can positively modulate most of the physical properties of the solvated resins.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalDental Materials
    Volume32
    Issue number6
    Early online date3 Apr 2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

    Keywords

    • ethanol; mechanical properties; dental adhesives; initiators; dental materials

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