Effect of filler wire properties on porosity formation in laser welding of AC-170PX aluminium alloy for lightweight automotive component manufacture

Ahmad Wael Alshaer, Lin Li, Anil Mistry

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    AC-170PX (AA6014) alloys are typically used in lightweight automobile vehicles. Laser welding can be a viable tool for the assembly of components. However, porosity is often generated during aluminium welding. In this article, an investigation is reported on the characteristics of porosity formation in high-power disc laser welding of AC-170PX aluminium alloy sheets in two weld joint configurations: fillet edge and flange couch with three different filler wires of 4xxx, 3xxx and 5xxx aluminium series for each joint. Porosity, microstructures, tensile strengths and joint geometry were investigated. It has been found that the use of filler wires with higher Mg and Mn content such as AA5083 and AA3004 leads to a significant reduction in porosity to less than 1.5% in both types of joints compared with up to 80% porosity with the silicon-rich AA4043 wire. The mechanism that led to this improvement is discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)994-1006
    Number of pages13
    JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture
    Volume231
    Issue number6
    Early online date7 Apr 2015
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017

    Keywords

    • automotive
    • fillet edge
    • flange couch
    • Laser welding
    • porosity

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