Effect of fluorine on boron diffusion under interstitial injection from the surface

M. N. Kham, H. A W El Mubarek, J. M. Bonar, D. Chivers, P. Ashburn

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    In this paper, a point defect injection study is performed to investigate the effect of fluorine on boron diffusion when interstitials are injected from the surface. 185 keV, 2.3 × 1015 cm-2 F+ is implanted into silicon with a boron marker layer located at about Rp/2 of the fluorine implant. This is followed by rapid thermal annealing at 1000 °C for times 15-120 s in an oxygen ambient. The wafers are covered with different layers prior to anneal to introduce different point defect injection effects. When interstitials are injected from the surface, fluorine strongly suppresses boron diffusion for anneal times of 15 and 30 s. For longer anneal times, fluorine becomes progressively less effective and the boron diffusion coefficient approaches the value obtained in samples without fluorine. This effect of fluorine on boron diffusion suppression correlates with the presence of a shallow SIMS fluorine peak at ∼Rp/2. These results support earlier work showing that vacancy-fluorine clusters at ∼Rp/2 are responsible for the suppression of boron diffusion and that these clusters anneal out during long anneal times. An issue of boron cross contamination during the fluorine implant is also identified. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)100-104
    Number of pages4
    JournalNuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, B
    Volume253
    Issue number1-2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006

    Keywords

    • Boron
    • Fluorine
    • Point defect injection

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