Effect of grain size distribution on the performance of perpendicular recording media

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    Micromagnetic simulations of perpendicular recording in hard disk storage media have been performed with model media of variable microstructural disorder. Simulations indicate that increasing disorder, either due to size and shape distribution or due to disordered packing, decreases signal and increases noise. The mechanism observed in the model is that, in a disordered microstructure, there is a distribution of magnetostatic and exchange coupling between grains that acts to create clusters of grains that act collectively. These clusters increase the auto-correlation function of the spatial distribution of magnetization that is a measure of the magnetic feature size. Consequently, the transition width between recorded bits increases and the position variation of the transition locations (jitter) increases, so that signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) falls. The results suggest that microstructurally ordered media will exhibit higher performance, and that such effects may ultimately demand the use of self-assembled or patterned media with regular packing and very narrow size distribution. © 2007 IEEE.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)955-967
    Number of pages12
    JournalIeee Transactions on Magnetics
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2007


    • Magnetic disk recording
    • Micromagnetic modeling
    • Perpendicular recording
    • Recording media


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