Growth of Acetobacterium woodii and Clostridium sporogenes was studied in the presence of water-immiscible solvents. Nitrogen purging, vacuum distillation or distillation under nitrogen were all suitable as methods to remove oxygen from the solvents, since growth rates and yields of A. woodii were unaffected in the presence of tetradecane which had been degassed by these methods. Varying the solvent volume from 20% to 80% of the culture volume had little effect on growth rate of A. woodii. A.woodii was relatively sensitive to organic solvents since growth was inhibited by alkanes with log Poctanol/water values below 7.1. C. sporogenes was less solvent sensitive, since it grew without inhibition when the log P of the solvent was ≥6.6. Nevertheless, both A. woodii and C. sporogenes were more sensitive to solvent polarity than aerobic bacteria. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Acetobacterium woodii
- Clostridium sporogenes
- Solvent toxicity
- Two-liquid phase culture systems