Effects of interferon-beta on oligodendroglial cells

Sandra Heine, Jens Ebnet, Samaneh Maysami, Martin Stangel

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    The effect of interferon-beta (IFN-β) for the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) is thought to be mediated by the modulation of immune cells. In addition, it has been shown that glial cells may be influenced by IFN-β and a role during remyelination has been suggested. However, the mechanism is not yet clear and there are conflicting data. We have therefore systematically investigated proliferation, differentiation, toxicity, and cytoprotection of IFN-β on oligodendroglia, both as a direct effect and mediated indirectly via other glial cells. Differentiation of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPC) was significantly (p <0.01) inhibited by IFN-β only when cultured in the presence with astrocytes and microglia. Proliferation was not changed, neither was IFN-β toxic. There was no cytoprotective effect of IFN-β on oligodendroglia injury induced by H2O2, NO, complement, or glutamate. Similarly, there was no cytoprotective effect mediated via treatment of astrocytes with IFN-β. These data demonstrate that IFN-β is neither toxic nor cytoprotective for oligodendrocytes. In summary, the only effect of IFN-β was the inhibition of differentiation of OPC mediated indirectly via other glial cells. In vivo experiments will show how this effect may influence remyelination. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)173-180
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of neuroimmunology
    Volume177
    Issue number1-2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2006

    Keywords

    • Cytotoxicity
    • Interferon-beta
    • Oligodendrocyte
    • Oligodendrocyte precursor
    • Remyelination

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