Effects of stop-start features on residual stresses in a multipass austenitic stainless steel weld

M. Turski, J. A. Francis, P. R. Hurrell, S. K. Bate, S. Hiller, P. J. Withers

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    Abstract

    In this article we describe experiments that characterise and quantify the localised perturbations in residual stress associated with both ramped and abrupt stop-start features in a multipass weld. Residual stress distributions in AISI Grade 304L/308L stainless steel groove-welded specimens, containing weld interruptions that were introduced in a controlled manner, have been characterised using both neutron diffraction and the incremental deep hole drilling method. The extent to which the localised stresses associated with the interruptions were annealed by overlayed passes was also assessed. The results suggest that, regardless of the type of interruption, there can be significant localised increases in residual stress if the stop-start feature is left exposed. If further weld passes are deposited, then the localised increases in stress are likely to persist if the interruption was abrupt, whereas for a ramped interruption they may be dissipated. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)9-18
    Number of pages9
    JournalInternational Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping
    Volume89
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

    Keywords

    • Arc instability
    • Multipass weld
    • Neutron diffraction
    • Residual stress
    • Stainless steel
    • Weld interruption

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