Efficiency measurement of GaN-based quantum well and light-emitting diode structures grown on silicon substrates

Dandan Zhu, Clifford McAleese, Maik Häberlen, Carmen Salcianu, Ted Thrush, Menno Kappers, Andrew Phillips, Penelope Lane, Michael Kane, David Wallis, Trevor Martin, Mike Astles, Nicolas Hylton, Phil Dawson, Colin Humphreys

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The optical efficiency of GaN-based multiple quantum well (MQW) and light emitting diode (LED) structures grown on Si(111) substrates by metal-organic vapor phase epitaxy was measured and compared with equivalent structures on sapphire. The crystalline quality of the LED structures was comprehensively characterized using x-ray diffraction, atomic force microscopy, and plan-view transmission electron microscopy. A room temperature photoluminescence (PL) internal quantum efficiency (IQE) as high as 58% has been achieved in an InGaN/GaN MQW on Si, emitting at 460 nm. This is the highest reported PL-IQE of a c-plane GaN-based MQW on Si, and the radiative efficiency of this sample compares well with similar structures grown on sapphire. Processed LED devices on Si also show good electroluminescence (EL) performance, including a forward bias voltage of ∼3.5 V at 20 mA and a light output power of 1 mW at 45 mA from a 500 ×500 μm2 planar device without the use of any additional techniques to enhance the output coupling. The extraction efficiency of the LED devices was calculated, and the EL-IQE was then estimated to have a maximum value of 33% at a current density of 4 A cm-2, dropping to 30% at a current density of 40 A cm-2 for a planar LED device on Si emitting at 455 nm. The EL-IQE was clearly observed to increase as the structural quality of the material increased for devices on both sapphire and Si substrates. © 2011 American Institute of Physics.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number014502
    JournalJournal of Applied Physics
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011


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