Efficient User-Centric Privacy-Friendly and Flexible Wearable Data Aggregation and Sharing

Khlood Jastaniah, Ning Zhang, Mustafa a. Mustafa

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Wearable devices can offer services to individuals and the public. However, wearable data collected by cloud providers may pose privacy risks. To reduce these risks while maintaining full functionality, healthcare systems require solutions for privacy-friendly data processing and sharing that can accommodate three main use cases: (i) data owners requesting processing of their own data, and multiple data requesters requesting data processing of (ii) a single or (iii) multiple data owners. Existing work lacks data owner access control and does not efficiently support these cases, making them unsuitable for wearable devices. To address these limitations, we propose a novel, efficient, user-centric, privacy-friendly, and flexible data aggregation and sharing scheme, named SAMA. SAMA uses a multi-key partial homomorphic encryption scheme to allow flexibility in accommodating the aggregation of data originating from a single or multiple data owners while preserving privacy during the processing. It also uses ciphertext-policy attribute-based encryption scheme to support fine-grain sharing with multiple data requesters based on user-centric access control. Formal security analysis shows that SAMA supports data confidentiality and authorisation. SAMA has also been analysed in terms of computational and communication overheads. Our experimental results demonstrate that SAMA supports privacy-reserving flexible data aggregation more efficiently than the relevant state-of-the-art solutions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
JournalIEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing
Early online date12 Mar 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Mar 2024


  • Wearables
  • Privacy
  • Multi-key homomorphic encryption
  • Attribute-based encryption
  • Access control


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