EIA, decision-making theory and screening and scoping in UK practice

Christopher Wood, Joe Weston

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


As an aid to decision making Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is seen as a rational and systematic process which is often held to be holistic and proactive in its approach to environmental protection (Glasson et al., 1999). The roots of EIA are firmly located within the 1960s' demand for a more systematic and objective approach to environmental decision making and hence within the rationalist model of decision making theory. This paper examines the key stages of the EIA process to assess how far EIA conforms to the rationalist model today. Most research in EIA decision making has focused on the project authorization process and not the crucial decisions made at the earlier stages of screening and scoping. This study examines those early stages within the context of UK EIA practice. From this examination the paper attempts to locate EIA within decision-making theory.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationJournal of Environmental Planning and Management|J. Environ. Plann. Manage.
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons Ltd
Number of pages18
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2000


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