Elderly drivers and their accidents: The Aging Driver Questionnaire

Dianne Parker, Lorraine McDonald, Patrick Rabbitt, Paul Sutcliffe

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    The Manchester Driver Behavior Questionnaire (DBQ) was included as part of a questionnaire survey of 1989 drivers aged 50 or over. Previous research has differentiated three main types of aberrant driver behavior: errors, lapses and violations. Each of these has different psychological origins, and different implications for road safety interventions [Reason et al., 1990. Ergonomics 33, 1315-1312]. It has also been shown that, using a full age-range sample of drivers, reported violations were statistically associated with accident involvement, whereas errors and lapses were not [Parker et al., 1995a. Ergonomics 38, 1036-1048; Parker et al., 1995b. Accident Analysis and Prevention 27, 571-581]. Although factor analysis of the DBQ responses of this sample produced five factors, the original three-way distinction was preserved. However the pattern of relationships between factor scores and accident involvement was different. Relatively high scores on the error factor and the lapse factor were predictive of involvement in an active accident, while passive accident involvement was associated with high scores on the lapse factor. © 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)751-759
    Number of pages8
    JournalAccident Analysis & Prevention
    Volume32
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2000

    Keywords

    • Accidents
    • Driver behaviour
    • Elderly drivers

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