Electron Beam and Thermal Stabilities of MFM-300(M) Metal-Organic Frameworks

Eu Pin Tien, Guanhai Cao, Yinlin Chen, Nick Clark, Evan Tillotson, Duc-The Ngo, Joseph Carter, Stephen Thompson, Chiu Tang, Christopher Allen, Sihai Yang, Martin Schroder, Sarah Haigh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This work reports the thermal and electron beam stabilities of a series of isostructural metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) of type MFM-300(M), where M = Al, Ga, In, or Cr. MFM-300(Cr) was most electron beam stable, having an unusually high critical electron fluence of 1111 e-·Å-2 while the Group 13 element MOFs were found to be less stable. Within Group 13, MFM-300(Al) had the highest critical electron fluence of 330 e-·Å-2, compared to 189 e-·Å-2 and 147 e-·Å-2 for the Ga and In MOFs respectively. For all four MOFs, electron beam-induced structural degradation was independent of crystal size and was highly anisotropic, with the one-dimensional pore channels being the most stable, although the length and width of the channels decreased during electron beam irradiation. Notably, MFM-300(Cr) was found to retain crystallinity while shrinking up to 10%. Thermal stability was studied using in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction at elevated temperature which revealed critical temperatures for crystal degradation to be 605, 570, 490 and 480°C for Al, Cr, Ga, and In, respectively. The pore channel diameters contracted by ~0.5% on desorption of solvent species but thermal degradation at higher temperatures was isotropic. The observed electron stabilities were found to scale with the relative inertness of the cations and correlate well to the measured lifetime of the materials when used as photocatalysts.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2024


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