Electronically tunable aperiodic distributed feedback terahertz lasers

O. P. Marshall, S. Chakraborty, Md Khairuzzaman, T. Folland, A. Gholinia, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie

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    Abstract

    Focussed ion beam milling can be used to introduce aperiodic distributed feedback (ADFB) gratings into fully packaged, operational terahertz (THZ) quantum cascade lasers to achieve electronically controlled, discretely tunable laser emission. These aperiodic gratings - designed using computer-generated hologram techniques - consist of multiple slits in the surface plasmon waveguide, distributed along the length of the laser cavity. Tuning behaviour and output power in ADFB lasers operating around 2.9 THz are investigated with a variety of slit dimensions and grating scales. Mode selectivity and grating losses are found to be strongly dependent on milling depth into the upper waveguide layers, dramatically increasing as the metallic layers are penetrated, then rising more slowly with deeper milling into the laser active region. Grating scale and placement along the laser cavity length are also shown to influence mode selection. © 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number203103
    JournalJournal of Applied Physics
    Volume113
    Issue number20
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

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