Emissions associated with meeting the future global wheat demand: A case study of UK production under climate change constraints

Mirjam Röder, Patricia Thornley, Grant Campbell, Alice Bows-Larkin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Climate change, population growth and socio-structural changes will make meeting future food demands extremely challenging. As wheat is a globally traded food commodity central to the food security of many nations, this paper uses it as an example to explore the impact of climate change on global food supply and quantify the resulting greenhouse gas emissions. Published data on projected wheat production is used to analyse how global production can be increased to match projected demand. The results show that the largest projected wheat demand increases are in areas most likely to suffer severe climate change impacts, but that global demand could be met if northern hemisphere producers exploit climate change benefits to increase production and narrow their yield gaps. Life cycle assessment of different climate change scenarios shows that in the case of one of the most important wheat producers (the UK) it may be possible to improve yields with an increase of only 0.6% in the emission intensity per unit of wheat produced in a 2. °C scenario. However, UK production would need to rise substantially, increasing total UK wheat production emissions by 26%. This demonstrates how national emission inventories and associated targets do not incentivise minimisation of global greenhouse gas emissions while meeting increased food demands, highlighting a triad of challenges: meeting the rising demand for food, adapting to climate change and reducing emissions. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)13-24
    Number of pages12
    JournalEnvironmental Science & Policy
    Issue number0
    Publication statusPublished - May 2014


    • Adaptation
    • Climate change impacts
    • Emissions
    • Life cycle assessment
    • Mitigation
    • Supply-demand trends
    • Wheat production


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