Emotional speech processing: Disentangling the effects of prosody and semantic cues

Marc D. Pell, Abhishek Jaywant, Laura Monetta, Sonja A. Kotz

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    To inform how emotions in speech are implicitly processed and registered in memory, we compared how emotional prosody, emotional semantics, and both cues in tandem prime decisions about conjoined emotional faces. Fifty-two participants rendered facial affect decisions (Pell, 2005a), indicating whether a target face represented an emotion (happiness or sadness) or not (a facial grimace), after passively listening to happy, sad, or neutral prime utterances. Emotional information from primes was conveyed by: (1) prosody only; (2) semantic cues only; or (3) combined prosody and semantic cues. Results indicated that prosody, semantics, and combined prosody-semantic cues facilitate emotional decisions about target faces in an emotion-congruent manner. However, the magnitude of priming did not vary across tasks. Our findings highlight that emotional meanings of prosody and semantic cues are systematically registered during speech processing, but with similar effects on associative knowledge about emotions, which is presumably shared by prosody, semantics, and faces. © 2010 Psychology Press.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)834-853
    Number of pages19
    JournalCognition and Emotion
    Volume25
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

    Keywords

    • Audio-visual priming
    • Emotions
    • Facial expression
    • Speech perception
    • Vocal cues

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