Employee domain and non-financial performance: The moderating effect of digital reputation

Rosamartina Schena, Angeloantonio Russo, Jonatan Pinkse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Purpose – The purpose of this study is to extend existing knowledge in corporate sustainability (CS) and digitalization literature. Innovation strategies (namely, exploration, exploitation and ambidexterity) are used to identify an innovative employee domain that influences a firm’s non-financial performance. Digital
reputation – i.e. the set of stakeholders’ sentiments toward the company’s digital footprint – is observed as a moderating variable able to explain where and when the innovative employee domain impacts the nonfinancial performance.
Design/methodology/approach – Using a sample of firms listed on the Fortune 500 list in the period 2015–2018, this study pursued both a qualitative and quantitative analysis. First, content analysis is carried out through a non-financial report-based operational model to operationalize the innovative domain. Second, a regression and moderator analysis are conducted on optimized panel data.
Findings – Consistent with previous literature, the results show that the employee domain positively impacts a firm’s non-financial performance. It was found that digital reputation operates as a moderator in this relationship.
Originality/value – This study contributes to the theoretical debate on CS by introducing a new concept relevant to an employee domain of exploration, exploitation and ambidexterity. It enriches the innovation debate by providing a new perspective on how firms can balance exploratory and exploitative innovation strategies in the employee domain to enhance non-financial performance. Finally, it provides a novel definition of digital reputation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)893-913
Number of pages21
JournalMeditari Accountancy Research
Issue number4
Early online date4 Aug 2021
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jul 2022


  • Digital reputation
  • Employee orientation
  • Non-financial performance


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