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Research and policies in the United Kingdom have repeatedly highlighted the need to reduce ethnic disparities and improve engagement with mental health services among Black African and Caribbean people with psychosis. The aim of this study was to examine the role of social network characteristics and psychological factors in engagement with services in Black people with psychosis.
A cross-sectional study was conducted with 51 Black African and Caribbean adults with non-affective psychosis and currently receiving care from mental health services in England. Measures were completed to examine relationships between social networks, illness perceptions, perceived racial or ethnic discrimination in services, internalized stigma, and current engagement with services from service user and staff perspectives.
Social network composition (ethnic homogeneity) moderately correlated with better service user and staff reported engagement. Greater perceived personal control over problems was associated with better staff reported engagement. Lower perceived ethnic or racial discrimination in services, and specific illness perceptions (higher perceived treatment control, greater self-identification with psychosis symptoms, more concern and greater emotional response related to problems) were associated with better service user reported engagement. Internalized stigma was not associated with service engagement. Multivariate regression analyses suggested that a more ethnically homogenous social network was the strongest predictor of better service user and staff reported engagement.
Psychosocial interventions that target social networks, perceived ethnic and racial discrimination in services, and illness perceptions may facilitate better engagement and improve outcomes. Further longitudinal studies are required to examine causal mechanisms.
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||British Journal of Clinical Psychology|
|Early online date||30 Jul 2022|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Nov 2022|
- Black African
- Black Caribbean
- illness perceptions
- social networks
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(MCHP) : Manchester Centre for Health Psychology
Peters, S., Ulph, F., Arden Armitage, C., Borrelli, B., Bowen, A., Byrne-Davis, L., Edge, D., French, D., Hart, J., Todd, C., Skevington, S., Wearden, A., Cotterill, S., Brooks, J., Brown, L., Bull, E., Cordingley, L., Epton, T., Smith, D., Speer, S., Powell, R., Bartlett, K., Coupe, N., Shepherd, S., Dienes, K., Ghio, D., Hood, A., Lavallee, J., Rowland, C., Benton, J., Goldthorpe, J., McWilliams, L., Keyworth, C., Goulding, R., Loughran, M., Hawkes, R., Kapadi, A., Hurley, R., Leather, J., Musa, C., Angelakis, I., Reid, C., Alshammari, D., Mountain, D., Hooper, E., Gates, E., Johnson, F., Lomas, F., Kaplan, G., Cross, H., Foote, H., Long, H., Reid, H., Hamer, J., Sibasa, K., Hozhabrafkan, K., Al Abri, K., Lucas, L., Millard, L., Hulme, L., Dhanwani, M., Sonola-Jones, O., Sfakianaki, R., Broadbent, R., Crone, R., Husni, R. R., Mank, S., Booth, S., Hindmarch, S., Plant, S., Mace, S., Sehmbi, T., Macintyre, V., Vidayanti, V., Peterson, J., Woof, V., El-Khani, A., Devereux-Fitzgerald, A., Chisholm, A., Sawyer, C., Hope, H., Wilkes, J., Birtwell, K., Bakur, K., Stringer, G., Mohd Faudzi, F. N. B., Checketts, M., Tang, M. Y., Coupe, N., Crook, R., Hamnett, C., Lyons, S., Longley, V., Hulme, L., Mountain, D., Talbot, H., Lucas, L., Ecob, C., Huggett, C., Hozhabrafkan, K., Hyder, S. & Lee, R.
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