Enhancing the Thermoelectric Properties of Sr1−xPr2x/3x/3TiO3±δ through Control of Crystal Structure and Microstructure

Dursun Ekren, Feridoon Azough, Robert Freer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A-site deficient perovskites are among the most important n-type thermoelectric oxides. Ceramics of Sr1−xPr2x/3x/3TiO3 (x = 0.1 to 1.0) were prepared by solid state reaction at 1700-1723 K using highly reducing atmospheres. Samples with the highest Sr content had a cubic crystal structure (Pm3 ̅m); incorporating Pr with A-site vacancies, led to a reduction in symmetry to tetragonal (I4/mcm) and then orthorhombic (Cmmm) crystal structures. HRTEM showed Pr2/3TiO3 had a layered structure with alternating fully and partially occupied A-sites and a short-range order along (100) direction. Electrical conductivity was highest in samples of high symmetry (x ≤ 0.40), where the microstructures featured core-shell and domain structures. This enabled a very high power factor of ~1.75×10−3 W m−1 K−2 at 425 K. In contrast, at high Pr content, structural distortion led to reduced electron transport; enhanced phonon scattering (from mass contrast, local strain and cation-vacancy ordering) led to reduced, glass-like, thermal conductivity. Carbon burial sintering increased the oxygen deficiency leading to increased carrier concentration, a maximum power factor of ~1.80×10−3 W m−1 K−2 at 350 K and thermoelectric figure of merit of 0.26 at 865 K. The paper demonstrates the importance of controlling both crystal structure and microstructure to enhance thermoelectric performance.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A-Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences
Early online date8 Jul 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Perovskite
  • Thermoelectric oxide
  • Ordering
  • Phonon Scattering


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