Equity in the use of antiretroviral treatment in the public health care system in urban South Africa

Susan Cleary, Sheetal Silal, Stephen Birch, Henri Carrara, Victoria Pillay-van Wyk, Thomas Rehle, Helen Schneider

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Objectives: The scaling up of antiretroviral treatment (ART) for HIV-infected adults requires a sizeable investment of resources in the South African public health care system. It is important that these resources are used productively and in ways that reach those in need, irrespective of social status or personal characteristics. In this study we evaluate whether the distribution of ART services in the public system reflects the distribution of need among adults in the urban population. Methods: Data from a 2008 national survey were used to estimate the distribution of socioeconomic status (SES) and sex in HIV-positive adults in urban areas. These findings were compared to SES and sex distributions in 635 ART users within 6 urban public ART facilities. Results: Close to 40% of those with HIV are in the lowest SES quintile, while 67% are women. The distributions in users of ART are similar to these distributions in HIV-positive people. Conclusions: Patterns of ART use in study settings correspond to patterns of HIV in the urban population at the national level. This suggests that the South African ART programme is on track to ensure equitable delivery of treatment services in urban settings. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)261-266
    Number of pages5
    JournalHealth Policy
    Volume99
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011

    Keywords

    • Antiretroviral treatment
    • Health care access
    • HIV/AIDS
    • Socioeconomic inequalities in use

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