ERCC1 mRNA expression is not associated with response and survival after platinum-based chemotherapy regimens in advanced non-small cell lung cancer

Nicholas Thatcher, Richard Booton, Tim Ward, Linda Ashcroft, Julie Morris, Jim Heighway, Nick Thatcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Platinum-based therapy is pivotal to the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung Cancer (NSCLC). Excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) is a key component of the platinum-DNA repair machinery responsible for nucleotide excision repair. We sought to determine the influence of ERCC1 mRNA expression in advanced NSCLC on chemotherapy response, toxicity, and survival after platinum-based chemotherapy. METHODS: Patients randomized to a phase III trial of platinum-based chemotherapy were eligible for inclusion. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor biopsies were retrieved for mRNA extraction and purification before quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis using Taqman technology. Expression data were correlated with treatment response, toxicity, and overall survival. RESULTS: Sixty-six patients were enrolled. No statistically significant relationship existed between ERCC1 mRNA expression and response to chemotherapy (p = 0.794) or hematological toxicity. No statistically significant difference in median survival was demonstrated according to ERCC1 expression (high expression, 415 days, 95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 197-633 days; low expression, 327 days [95%CI: 211-433 days]; p = 0.801). High ERCC1 mRNA expression was associated with a hazard ratio for death of 0.96 (95% CI 0.919-1.004; p = 0.08). CONCLUSION: In contrast to recent publications, ERCC1 mRNA expression in our study did not favor a prognostically better outcome after platinum-based chemotherapy in advanced NSCLC. We explore potential reasons for this, including the need for cautious interpretation of mRNA expression data from archival materials and highlight the need for additional translational research linking gene expression with a promising ERCC1 polymorphism. © 2007International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)902-906
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Thoracic Oncology
Volume2
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007

Keywords

  • drug therapy: Adenocarcinoma
  • therapeutic use: Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
  • administration & dosage: Carboplatin
  • drug therapy: Carcinoma, Large Cell
  • drug therapy: Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
  • Chemotherapy, Adjuvant
  • administration & dosage: Cisplatin
  • DNA Repair
  • genetics: DNA-Binding Proteins
  • genetics: Endonucleases
  • Female
  • Humans
  • administration & dosage: Ifosfamide
  • drug therapy: Lung Neoplasms
  • Male
  • administration & dosage: Mitomycin
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • drug therapy: Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • genetics: RNA, Messenger
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Survival Rate
  • administration & dosage: Taxoids
  • Treatment Outcome

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