Establishing an agenda for social studies research in marine renewable energy

Sandy Kerr, Laura Watts, John Colton, Flaxen Conway, Angela Hull, Kate Johnson, Simon Jude, Andreas Kannen, Shelley MacDougall, Carly McLachlan, Tavis Potts, Jo Vergunst

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    To date, academic research relating to Marine Renewable Energy (MRE) has largely focused on resource assessment, technical viability and environmental impact. Experiences from onshore renewable energy tell us that social acceptability is equally critical to project success. However, the specific nature of the marine environment, patterns of resource distribution and governance means experiences from onshore may not be directly applicable to MRE and the marine environment. This paper sets out an agenda for social studies research linked to MRE, identifying key topics for future research: (i) economic impacts; (ii) wealth distribution and community benefits; (iii) communication and knowledge flow; (iv) consultation processes; (v) dealing with uncertainty; (vi) public attitudes; and (vii) planning processes. This agenda is based on the findings of the first workshop of ISSMER, an international research network of social scientists with interests in marine renewable energy. Importantly, this research agenda has been informed by the experiences of developers, regulators and community groups in Orkney. The Orkney archipelago, off the north coast of Scotland, is home to the most intense cluster of MRE research, development and deployment activity in the world today. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)694-702
    Number of pages8
    JournalEnergy Policy
    Early online date21 Dec 2013
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014


    • Marine energy
    • Marine Renewable Energy
    • Public perceptions
    • Social science
    • Tidal energy
    • Wave energy


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