Estimation of k L a Values in Bench-Scale Stirred Tank Reactors with Self-Inducing Impeller by Multiphase CFD Simulations

Vania Santos-Moreau, José Carlos B. Lopes, Cláudio P. Fonte

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    Abstract

    A multiphase computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation methodology is developed and proposed for the estimation of the spatial distribution of k L a values in a bench-scale reactor equipped with a self-inducing impeller. The importance of estimating an apparent drag coefficient, which considers the effect of turbulence on the gas bubble rising velocity, is also tackled by applying different correlations available in literature, namely, Brucato, modified Brucato, and Pinelli correlations. The spatial distribution of k L a values in the agitated vessel is found from the CFD results using Danckwert's surface renewal model. An analysis of the gas volume fraction distribution obtained from the simulations is performed in order to choose the most suitable drag model. The modified Brucato correction correlation for the drag force exhibits the best agreement with experimental data.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalChemical Engineering and Technology
    Early online date12 Mar 2019
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 5 Apr 2019

    Keywords

    • Computational fluid dynamics
    • Gas dispersion
    • Mass transfer
    • Multiphase reactor
    • Stirred-tank reactor

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