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The science guiding the EUREC4A campaign and its measurements is presented. EUREC4A comprised roughly 5 weeks of measurements in the downstream winter trades of the North Atlantic –eastward and southeastward of Barbados. Through its ability to characterize processes operating across a wide range of scales, EUREC4Amarked a turning point in our ability to observationally study factors influencing clouds in the trades, how they will respond to warming, and their link to other components of the earth system, such as upper-ocean processes or the life cycle of particulate matter. This characterization was made possible by thousands (2500) of sondes distributed to measure circulations on meso-(200km) and larger (500km) scales, roughly 400h of flight time by four heavily instrumented research aircraft; four global-class research vessels; an advanced groundbased cloud observatory; scores of autonomous observing platforms operating in the upper ocean (nearly 10000 profiles), lower atmosphere (continuous profiling), and along the air–sea interface; a network of water stable isotopologue measurements; targeted tasking of satellite remote sensing; and modeling with a new generation of weather and climate models. In addition to providing an outline of the novel measurements and their composition into a unified and coordinated campaign, the six distinct scientific facets that EUREC4A explored –from North Brazil Current rings to turbulence-induced clustering of cloud droplets and its influence on warm-rain formation–are presented along with an overview of EUREC4A’s outreach activities, environmental impact, and guidelines for scientific practice. Track data for all platforms are standardized and accessible at (Stevens, 2021), and a film documenting the campaign is provided as a video supplement.
Original languageEnglish
Article number13
Pages (from-to)4067-4119
Number of pages53
JournalEarth System Science Data
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 25 Aug 2021


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