Evaluating the challenges of Eco-city development in China: a comparison of Tianjin and Dongtan Eco-cities

Xinkai Wang, Ian Mell

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Abstract

Patterns of sustainable development have varied dramatically in the last four decades in China with a growing relevance of investments in ‘eco-cities’ being embedded within this discourse by politicians, planning professionals and academics (Qiu, 2009; Li, X., 2012; Li, H.L., 2012). However, the current status of eco-city programmes in China remains dynamic after 10 years of development. This paper critically examines the development of eco-city programmes in China through an evaluation of the lessons and challenges experienced. The Tianjin Eco-city and Dongtan Eco-city developments are used in the paper to synthesise the present gaps with respect to political, economic, socio-cultural, and environmental dimensions of eco-city programmes. Furthermore, it highlights the barriers to collaboration and communication within China, which are constraining the process of consultation with public and private stakeholders, plan-making and implementation. The paper concludes with a discussion of how these issues influence the delivery of the eco-city programme and their impact on the future development of the programme.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215
Number of pages242
JournalInternational Development Planning Review
Volume41
Issue number2
Early online date15 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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