Evaluation of 3-D bioactive glass scaffolds dissolution in a perfusion flow system with X-ray microtomography

Sheng Yue, Peter D. Lee, Gowsihan Poologasundarampillai, Julian R. Jones, Gowsihan Poologasundarampilla

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Bioactive glass has high potential for bone regeneration due to its ability to bond to bone and stimulate osteogenesis whilst dissolving in the body. Although three-dimensional (3-D) bioactive glass scaffolds with favorable pore networks can be made from the sol-gel process, compositional and structural evolutions in their porous structures during degradation in vivo, or in vitro, have not been quantified. In this study, bioactive glass scaffolds were put in a simulated body fluid flow environment through a perfusion bioreactor. X-ray microtomography (μCT) was used to non-destructively image the scaffolds at different degradation stages. A new 3-D image processing methodology was developed to quantify the scaffold's pore size, interconnect size and connectivity from μCT images. The accurate measurement of individual interconnect size was made possible by a principal component analysis-based algorithm. During 28 days of dissolution, the modal interconnect size in the scaffold was reduced from 254 to 206 μm due to the deposition of mineral phases. However, the pore size remained unchanged, with a mode of 682 μm. The data presented are important for making bioactive glass scaffolds into clinical products. The technique described for imaging and quantifying scaffold pore structures as a function of degradation time is applicable to most scaffold systems. © 2011 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2637-2643
    Number of pages6
    JournalActa Biomaterialia
    Volume7
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011

    Keywords

    • Bioactive glass
    • Dissolution
    • Image analysis
    • Porosity
    • Scaffold

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