Evaluation of Quality of Life in Adult Individuals With Cleft Lip and/or Palate

Julian Yates, Marwan Aljohani, Lucy O'Malley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to systematically review literature relating to the quality of life (QoL) in adult individuals with cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) and identify which aspect of QoL adults with CLP find to be the most problematic, incomparison to a general non-cleft population. Design: Different databases were searched for this review including the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials,Ovid MEDLINE and Embase. Five domains of QoL were identified to evaluate the overall results of these QoL measures. These domains were; physical function, physical pain, psychological implications and self-esteem, self perception in relation to facial aesthetics, and social function. The studies included underwent critical appraisal and different types of bias were assessed based on the Cochrane handbook forsystematic reviews of interventions. Results: Ten studies were included in this review. The total number of participants was 541. The most common QoL measure for adults with CLP was Short-Form (SF-36). Seven studies out of 10 reported statistically significantly worse scores (P<0.05) in the psychological implications and self-esteem domains of QoL in adults with CLP, indicating lower QoL in terms of these domains. The least affected QoL domain was physical function. A high heterogeneity was found among the studies, including variation in the QoL measures, types of orofacial clefts, types of treatment and comparison groups. Conclusion: The presence of CLP did seem to negatively affect the QoL for adults with CLP, mainly in terms of psychologicalimplications and self-esteem.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of craniofacial surgery
Early online date17 Sept 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Sept 2020


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