Event-related potentials and emotion processing in child psychopathology

Georgia Chronaki

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    In recent years there has been increasing interest in the neural mechanisms underlying altered emotional processes in children and adolescents with psychopathology. This review provides a brief overview of the most up-to-date findings in the field of event-related potentials (ERPs) to facial and vocal emotional expressions in the most common child psychopathological conditions. In regards to externalizing behavior (i.e., ADHD, CD), ERP studies show enhanced early components to anger, reflecting enhanced sensory processing, followed by reductions in later components to anger, reflecting reduced cognitive-evaluative processing. In regards to internalizing behavior, research supports models of increased processing of threat stimuli especially at later more elaborate and effortful stages. Finally, in autism spectrum disorders abnormalities have been observed at early visual-perceptual stages of processing. An affective neuroscience framework for understanding child psychopathology can be valuable in elucidating underlying mechanisms and inform preventive intervention.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number564
    JournalFrontiers in Psychology
    Volume7
    Issue numberAPR
    Early online date29 Apr 2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Keywords

    • Adolescents
    • Children
    • Emotion
    • ERPs
    • Psychopathology

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