Evidence of a role for TRPC channels in VEGF-mediated increased vascular permeability in vivo

T. M. Pocock, R. R. Foster, D. O. Bates

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    Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) increases vascular permeability by stimulating endothelial Ca2+ influx. Here we provide evidence that links VEGF-mediated increased permeability and endothelial intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) with diacylglycerol (DAG)-mediated activation of the transient receptor potential channels (TRPCs). We used the Landis-Michel technique to measure changes in hydraulic conductivity (Lp) and fluorescence photometry to quantify changes in endothelial [Ca2+]i in individually perfused Rana mesenteric microvessels in vivo and transfected nonendothelial cells in vitro. The membrane-permeant DAG analog 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol (OAG, 100 μM), which is known to increase Ca2+ influx through TRPCs, transiently increased Lp 3.8 ± 1.2-fold (from 1.6 ± 0.8 to 9.8 ± 2.7 × 10-7 cm·s-1·cmH 2O-1; P <0.0001; n = 18). Protein kinase C inhibition by bisindolylmaleimide (1 μM) did not affect the OAG-induced increases in Lp. OAG also significantly increased microvascular endothelial [Ca2+]i in vivo (n = 13; P <0.0001), which again was not sensitive to protein kinase C inhibition. VEGF induced a transient increase in endothelial [Ca2+]i in human embryonic kidney cells (HEK-293) that were cotransfected with VEGF receptor 2 and TRPC-6 but not with control, VEGF receptor 2, or TRPC-6 expression vector alone (P <0.01; n = 9). Flufenamic acid, which has been shown to enhance activity of TRPC-6 but inhibit TRPC-3 and -7, enhanced the VEGF-mediated increase in Lp in approximately half of the vessels tested but inhibited the response in the other half of the vessels. These data provide evidence consistent with the hypothesis that VEGF increases vascular permeability via DAG-mediated Ca 2+ entry through TRPCs. Although the exact identities of the TRPCs remain to be confirmed, TRPC-6 appears to be a likely candidate in approximately half of the vessels.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)H1015-H1026
    JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004


    • Endothelium
    • Intracellular concentration
    • Permeability
    • Transient receptor potential channel
    • Vascular endothelial growth factor


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