Experimental and numerical investigation of different geometrical parameters in a centrifugal blood pump

Seyed Ehsan Hosseini, Amir Keshmiri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Due to the importance of public health and economics, cardiovascular disease has become one of the most important debates and challenges for scientists. However, few studies have been done to address this challenge. The main objective of this document is to provide an optimal model to improve the performance of the left ventricular assist device and reduce costs. In this way, in the present study, the experimental and numerical procedures were developed to analyze the effects of the geometrical features and operational parameters on the performance of a centrifugal blood pump (CBP). Methods: In order to achieve this aim, first, experimental tests were carried out to study the influence of the working fluid temperature and the rotational speed on the CBP. Subsequently, the performance of the CBP was assessed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD), and comparison was made against the experimental data. In addition, the influence of mounting an inducer on the overall performance of CBP was also investigated. Results: Good agreement between the CFD and the data was obtained. The CFD results showed that increasing the fluid temperature and rotational speed leads to an increase in the hydraulic efficiency, pressure difference, and power. In addition, the reduction of the pressure difference and hydraulic efficiency with increasing the surface roughness was observed. While mounting an inducer on the pump did not significantly impact its overall performance, the highest value of the wall shear stress dropped moderately on the impeller and, therefore, unveiled the possibility of improving the performance of such designs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalResearch on Biomedical Engineering
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Centrifugal blood pump
  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Inducer
  • Roughness wall
  • Turbulence models
  • Ventricular assist device

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