Experimental observation of size-dependent behavior in surface energy of gold nanoparticles through atomic force microscope

Jiangwei Liu, Raffaello Papadakis, Hu Li

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    Abstract

    Surface energy plays a key role in the physicochemical interactions of material surfaces, and it is closely related to the unique properties and numerous surface functionalization possibilities of gold nanoparticles. Herein, we have reported an atomic force microscopy based technique to measure the surface energies of different materials in the peakforce quantitative nanomechanical mapping mode. Our study on gold nanoparticles focuses on the particles with diameters ranging from 2 to 14 nm. The experimental results indicate a clear size-dependent behavior in the surface energy of gold nanoparticles when the size is smaller than 5 nm, and the smallest gold nanoparticle displays a threefold higher surface energy compared to bulk gold. Therefore, our experimental results provide essential evidence that can lead to a better understanding of the size-property relationships allowing for process design in gold nanoparticles.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number083108
    JournalApplied Physics Letters
    Volume113
    Issue number8
    Early online date22 Aug 2018
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018

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