Experimental Realisation of Multi-Qubit Gates Using Electron Paramagnetic Resonance

Edmund Little, Jacob Mrozek, Ciaran Rogers, Junjie Liu, Eric Mcinnes, Alice Bowen, Arzhang Ardavan, Richard Winpenny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Quantum information processing promises to revolutionise computing; quantum algorithms have been discovered that address common tasks significantly more efficiently than their classical counterparts. For a physical system to be a viable quantum computer it must be possible to initialise its quantum state, to realise a set of universal quantum logic gates, including at least one multi-qubit gate, and to make measurements of qubit states. Molecular Electron Spin Qubits (MESQs) have been proposed to fulfil these criteria, as their bottom-up synthesis should facilitate tuning properties as desired and the reproducible production of multi-MESQ structures. Here we explore how to perform a two-qubit entangling gate on a multi-MESQ system, and how to read out the state via quantum state tomography. We propose methods of accomplishing both procedures using multifrequency pulse Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) and apply them to a model MESQ structure consisting of two nitroxide spin centres. Our results confirm the methodological principles and shed light on the experimental hurdles which must be overcome to realise a demonstration of controlled entanglement on this system.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNature Communications
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 2023


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