Explaining adolescents' cigarette smoking: A comparison of four modes of action control and test of the role of self-regulatory mode

Amanda Rivis, Paschal Sheeran, Christopher J. Armitage

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    The present study compared how well four modes of action control (intentional, habitual, reactive and stereotype activation) explain adolescents' cigarette smoking, and examined whether individual differences in self-regulation (locomotion and assessment tendencies; Higgins, Kruglanski, & Pierro, 2003) moderate the behavioural impact of the respective modes. Findings from a prospective questionnaire survey showed that (a) willingness, prototype perceptions and past behaviour - but not intention - predicted smoking behaviour, and explained 63% of the variance, and (b) the assessment mode of self-regulation moderated the past behaviour - future behaviour relation such that past behaviour had less impact on future smoking behaviour at high levels of assessment. These findings suggest that adolescents' smoking is controlled by stereotype activation, habitual and reactive processes. Implications of the results for designing effective adolescent smoking cessation programmes are considered. © 2010 Taylor & Francis.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)893-909
    Number of pages16
    JournalPsychology and Health
    Volume25
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Keywords

    • Action control
    • Adolescents cigarette smoking
    • Assessment
    • Automatic
    • Intention
    • Locomotion
    • Prototypes
    • Willingness

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