Exploring dementia management attitudes in primary care: a key informant survey in 25 European countries

Ferdinando Petrazzuoli, Shlomo Vinker, Tuomas H. Koskela, Thomas Frese, Nicola Buono, Jean Karl Soler, Jette Ahrensberg, Radost Asenova, Quintí Foguet Boreu, Gülsen Ceyhun Peker, Claire Collins, Claudia Iftode, Miro Hanževački, Donata Kurpas, Jean Yves Le Reste, Bjørn Lichtwarck, Davorina Petek, Daniel Pinto, Diego Schrans, Sven StreitEugene Yee Hing Tang, Athina Tatsioni, Péter Torzsa, Pemra C. Unalan, Harm Van Marwijk, Hans Thulesius

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Abstract

Background: Strategies for the involvement of primary care in the management of patients with presumed or diagnosed dementia are heterogeneous across Europe. We wanted to explore attitudes of primary care physicians (PCPs) when managing dementia: i) the most popular cognitive tests ii) who had the right to initiate or continue cholinesterase inhibitor or memantine treatment and iii) the
relationship between the permissiveness of these rules/guidelines and PCP’s approach in the dementia investigations and assessment.
Methods: Key informant Survey. Setting: Primary care practices across 25 European countries.
Subjects: Four hundred forty-five PCPs responded to a self-administered questionnaire. Two-step cluster analysis was performed using characteristics of the informants and the responses to the survey. Main outcome measures: Two by two contingency tables with odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were used to assess the association between categorical variables. A multinomial logistic regression model was used to assess the association of multiple variables (age class, gender and perceived prescription rules) with the PCPs’ attitude of “trying to establish a diagnosis of dementia on their own”.
Results: Discrepancies between rules/guidelines and attitudes to dementia management was found in many countries. There was a strong association between the authorization to prescribe dementia drugs and pursuing dementia diagnostic work-up (odds ratio, 3.45; 95% CI 2.28- 5.23).
Conclusions: Differing regulations about who does what in dementia management seemed to affect PCP’s engagement in dementia investigations and assessment. PCPs who were allowed to prescribe dementia drugs also claimed higher engagement in dementia work-up than PCPs who were not allowed to prescribe.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Psychogeriatrics
Early online date18 Apr 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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