Exploring NICU nurses' views of a novel genetic point-of-care test identifying neonates at risk of antibiotic-induced ototoxicity: A qualitative study

Georgia Brown, Natalie Warrington, Fiona Ulph, Nicola Booth, Karen Harvey, Rachel James, Karen Tricker, Paul Wilson, William Newman, John Henry Mcdermott, Duncan Stoddard, Ajit Mahaveer, Mark Turner, Rachel Corry, Julia Garlick, Gino Miele, Shaun Ainsworth, Laura Kemp, Iain Bruce, Richard BodyRhona Macleod

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

AIM: To explore the views of neonatal intensive care nursing staff on the deliverability of a novel genetic point-of-care test detecting a genetic variant associated with antibiotic-induced ototoxicity.

DESIGN: An interpretive, descriptive, qualitative interview study.

METHODS: Data were collected using semi-structured interviews undertaken between January and November 2020. Participants were neonatal intensive care nursing staff taking part in the Pharmacogenetics to Avoid Loss of Hearing trial.

RESULTS: Thematic analysis resulted in four themes: perceived clinical utility; the golden hour; point-of-care device; training and support. Recommendations were made to streamline the protocol and ongoing training and support were considered key to incorporating the test into routine care.

CONCLUSION: Exploring the views of nurses involved in the delivery of the point-of-care test was essential in its implementation. By the study endpoint, all participants could see the value of routine clinical introduction of the point-of care test.

IMPLICATIONS FOR THE PROFESSION AND/OR PATIENT CARE: Nurses are in a key position to support the delivery of point-of-care genetic testing into mainstream settings. This study has implications for the successful integration of other genetic point-of-care tests in acute healthcare settings.

IMPACT: The study will help to tailor the training and support required for routine deployment of the genetic point-of-care test. The study has relevance for nurses involved in the development and delivery of genetic point-of-care tests in other acute hospital settings.

REPORTING METHOD: This qualitative study adheres to the Standards for Reporting Qualitative Research EQUATOR guidelines and utilizes COREQ and SRQR checklists.

PATIENT OR PUBLIC CONTRIBUTION: All staff working on the participating neonatal intensive care units were trained to use the genetic point-of-care test. All inpatients on the participating units were eligible to have testing via the point-of-care test. The Pharmacogenetics to Avoid Loss of Hearing Patient and Public Involvement and Engagement group provided valuable feedback.

TRIAL AND PROTOCOL REGISTRATION: Registered within the University of Manchester. Ethics approval reference numbers: IRAS: 253102 REC reference: 19/NW/0400. Also registered with the ISRCTN ref: ISRCTN13704894.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Jan 2024

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