Exploring Options for Leaseholds in the Mukuru Special Planning Area

Smith Ouma, Jane Weru, Emily Kinama

Research output: Other contributionpeer-review


The declaration of the informal settlements of Mukuru Kwa Njenga, Kwa Reuben and Viwandani slums as a Special Planning Area (SPA) was momentous given the numerous challenges that have been occasioned by lack of, or poor planning in the area. Extensive discussions have been held with the aim of finding solutions to the longstanding concerns of inadequate access to sanitation and lack of proper housing within these areas. Actualization of proposed solutions in the past have however stalled as a result of the unresolved question of land ownership within the slums. It has been noted with concern that the land question in the slums continues to be a barrier to planning imperatives that may be beneficial to these settlements. This paper explores some possible options available to Nairobi City County Government to deal with the leaseholds in the Mukuru SPA to enable proper planning and upgrading of Mukuru.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages28
Place of Publication[S.l.]
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Publication series

NamePaper prepared for presentation at the “2019 WORLD BANK CONFERENCE ON LAND AND POVERTY” The World Bank- Washington DC, March 25-29, 2019

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • Global Development Institute


Dive into the research topics of 'Exploring Options for Leaseholds in the Mukuru Special Planning Area'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this