External engagement of academics

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Over the past 40 years, there has been a continued debate about the role of universities in
driving economic growth and the extent to which collaboration between the academic and
non-academic sectors is a fundamental enabler of this role. In this context the engagement of
individual academics with external organisations is considered an important channel for
knowledge exchange between sectors. Many earlier studies of the engagement of academics
with non-academic sectors have focussed on exchanges with industry and have largely been
limited to commercialisation, consulting and joint research as knowledge exchange channels.
Recent discussions, however, have shown the vast breadth these activities can take on. This
chapter surveys the different forms of academic engagement with the public, private and third
sector, notes the limitations of commonly used measures and points towards possible future
research directions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationElgar Encyclopedia on the Economics of Knowledge and Innovation
EditorsCristiano Antonelli
Place of PublicationCheltenham
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing Ltd
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9781839106989
Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2022


  • knowledge transfer
  • university-industry-collaboration
  • academic consulting
  • academic entrepreneurship

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • Manchester Institute of Innovation Research


Dive into the research topics of 'External engagement of academics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this