Extreme Dimensionality Reduction with Quantum Modeling

Thomas J. Elliott, Chengran Yang, Felix C. Binder, Andrew J. P. Garner, Jayne Thompson, Mile Gu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Effective and efficient forecasting relies on identification of the relevant information contained in past observations—the predictive features—and isolating it from the rest. When the future of a process bears a strong dependence on its behavior far into the past, there are many such features to store, necessitating complex models with extensive memories. Here, we highlight a family of stochastic processes whose minimal classical models must devote unboundedly many bits to tracking the past. For this family, we identify quantum models of equal accuracy that can store all relevant information within a single two-dimensional quantum system (qubit). This represents the ultimate limit of quantum compression and highlights an immense practical advantage of quantum technologies for the forecasting and simulation of complex systems.
Original languageEnglish
Article number260501
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number26
Early online date22 Dec 2020
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2020


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