Factor structure of the Hypomanic Attitudes and Positive Predictions Inventory and associations with analogue bipolar symptoms in a student sample

Alyson L. Dodd, Warren Mansell, Anthony P. Morrison, Sara Tai

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    The Hypomanic Attitudes and Positive Predictions Inventory (HAPPI; Mansell, 2006) was developed as a theory-driven cognitive measure of extreme, personalised appraisals of internal state. According to an integrative cognitive model of mood swings and bipolar disorder (Mansell, Morrison, Reid, Lowens, & Tai, 2007), these positive and negative appraisals are a key factor in the development of mania and depression. Factor analysis was performed on an extended version of the HAPPI (Dodd, Mansell, Sadhnani, Morrison, & Tai, 2010) in a student sample (N=293). A six-factor solution emerged, representing separate categories of beliefs about internal states labelled Social Self-Criticism, Increasing Activation to Avoid Failure, Success Activation and Triumph Over Fear, Loss of Control, Grandiose Appraisals of Ideation, and Regaining Autonomy. Aspects of the cognitive model were supported by the finding of independent and unique associations between HAPPI factors and analogue bipolar symptoms. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)349-354
    Number of pages5
    JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
    Volume50
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

    Keywords

    • Bipolar disorder
    • Cognitive appraisals
    • Depression
    • Factor analysis
    • Hypomania

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Factor structure of the Hypomanic Attitudes and Positive Predictions Inventory and associations with analogue bipolar symptoms in a student sample'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this