Fas-associated death receptor signaling evoked by human amylin in islet β-cellsd

Garth Cooper, Shaoping Zhang, Hong Liu, Hua Yu, Garth J S Cooper

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    OBJECTIVE - Aggregation of human amylin (hA) into β-sheet-containing oligomers is linked to islet β-cell dysfunction and the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. Here, we investigated possible contributions of Fas-associated death-receptor signaling to the mechanism of hA-evoked β-cell apoptosis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - We measured responses to hA in isolated mouse islets and two insulinoma cell lines, wherein we measured Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) and Fas-associated death domain (FADD) expression by quantitative RT-PCR, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence staining. We used two anti-Fas/FasL blocking antibodies and the Fas/FasL antagonist Kp7-6 to probe roles of Fas interactions in the regulation of apoptosis in hA-treated β-cells and measured Kp7-6-mediated effects on β-sheet formation and aggregation using circular dichroism and thioflavin-T binding. RESULTS - hA treatment stimulated Fas and FADD expression in β-cells. Both blocking antibodies suppressed hA-evoked apoptosis but did not modify its aggregation. Therefore, Fas receptor interactions played a critical role in induction of this pathway. Interestingly, hA-evoked β-cell apoptosis was suppressed and rescued by Kp7-6, which also impaired hA β-sheet formation. CONCLUSIONS - This is the first report linking hA-evoked induction and activation of Fas and FADD to β-cell apoptosis. We have identified a Fas/FasL antagonist, Kp7-6, as a potent inhibitor of hA aggregation and related β-cell death. These results also support an interaction between hA and Fas on the surface of apoptotic β-cells. Increased expression and activation of Fas in β-cells could constitute a molecular event common to the pathogenesis of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, although the mode of pathway activation may differ between these common forms of diabetes. © 2008 by the American Diabetes Association.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)348-356
    Number of pages8
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2008


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