Mante Zemaite, Francoise Tisseur, Ramaseshan Kannan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The shift-and-invert Lanczos algorithm is a commonly used solution procedure to compute the eigenpairs of large, sparse eigenvalue problems that arise when approximating the elastic dynamic response of large structures under the influence of seismic forces. Not all eigenvectors are equally important to the response when the structure is exposed to a mass-dependent external force of the form g(t)Mb, where M is the mass matrix of the system and b the rigid body vector. Structural engineers select eigenvectors xj , j = 1; : : : , , such that their cumulative mass participation, measured as P`j=1(xTj Mb)2=(bTMb), is above a target threshold ξ. We show that when the starting vector for the unshifted Lanczos algorithm is the spatial distribution vector b, the Lanczos procedure can be used to provide an estimate of the cumulative mass participation. This allows us to identify intervals containing eigenvalues whose eigenvectors have a large contribution to the cumulative mass participation and lter out intervals containing eigenvalues whose eigenvectors have a negligible contribution. We use this information to devise a sequence of shifts σ1; : : : ; σp for the shift-and-invert Lanczos algorithm as well as a stopping criterion for the iteration with shift σ2 so that the cumulative mass participation of the computed eigenvectors reaches the required level ξ. Numerical experiments on real engineering problems show that our approach computes up to 70% fewer eigenvectors and requires fewer shifts, on average, than the more general shifting strategy proposed by Ericsson and Ruhe (Math. Comp., 35 (1980)) together with its modification presented in Grimes et al. (SIAM J. Matrix Anal. and Appl. 40(4), 1994).
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalS I A M Journal on Scientific Computing
    Early online date25 Jun 2019
    Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Jun 2019


    • Shifting strategy
    • shift-and-invert Lanczos algorithm
    • orthogonal polynomials
    • symmetric generalised eigenvalue problem
    • structural analysis


    Dive into the research topics of 'FILTERING FREQUENCIES IN A SHIFT-AND-INVERT LANCZOS ALGORITHM FOR THE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this