Fluctuation-dissipation relations and effective temperatures in simple non-mean field systems

Peter Sollich, Suzanne Fielding, Peter Mayer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    We give a brief review of violations of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem (FDT) in out-of-equilibrium systems; in mean field scenarios the corresponding fluctuation-dissipation (FD) plots can, in the limit of long times, be used to define a effective temperature Teff that shares many properties of the true thermodynamic temperature T. We discuss carefully how correlation and response functions need to be represented to obtain meaningful limiting FD plots in non-mean field systems. A minimum requirement on the resulting effective temperatures is that they should be independent of the observable whose correlator and response are being considered; we show for two simple models with glassy dynamics (Bouchaud's trap model and the Glauber-Ising chain at zero temperature) that this is generically not the case. Consequences for the wider applicability of effective temperatures derived from FD relations are discussed; one intriguing possibility is that at least the limit of the FDT violation factor for well separated times may generically be observable-independent and so could yield a meaningful Teff.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1683-1696
    Number of pages13
    JournalJournal of Physics: Condensed Matter
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - 25 Feb 2002


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