FM-dyes as experimental probes for dissecting vesicle trafficking in living plant cells

S. Bolte, C. Talbot, Y. Boutte, O. Catrice, N. D. Read, B. Satiat-Jeunemaitre

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    FM-dyes are widely used to study endocytosis, vesicle trafficking and organelle organization in living eukaryotic cells. The increasing use of FM-dyes in plant cells has provoked much debate with regard to their suitability as endocytosis markers, which organelles they stain and the precise pathways they follow through the vesicle trafficking network. A primary aim of this article is to assess critically the current status of this debate in plant cells. For this purpose, background information on the important characteristics of the FM-dyes, and of optimal dye concentrations, conditions of dye storage, and staining and imaging protocols, are provided. Particular emphasis is placed on using the FM-dyes in double labelling experiments to identity specific organelles. In this way, staining of the Golgi with FM4-64 has been demonstrated for the first time.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)159-173
    Number of pages14
    JournalJournal of Microscopy
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - May 2004


    • Confocal microscopy
    • Endocytosis
    • FM-dyes
    • Membrane recycling
    • Plant cells


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