Four-phase single-capillary stepwise model for kinetics in arterial spin labeling MRI

Ka Loh Li, Xiaoping Zhu, Nola Hylton, Geon Ho Jahng, Michael W. Weiner, Norbert Schuff

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    An extended model for extracting measures of brain perfusion from pulsed arterial spin labeling (ASL) data while considering transit effects and restricted permeability of capillaries to blood water is proposed. We divided the time course of the signal difference between control and labeled images into four phases with respect to the arrival time of labeled blood water at the voxel of interest (tA), transit time through the arteries in the voxel (tex), and duration of the bolus of labeled spins (τ). Dividing the labeled slab of blood water into many discrete segments, and adapting numerical integration methods allowed us to conveniently model restricted capillary-tissue exchange based on a modified distributed parameter model. We compared this four-phase single-capillary stepwise (FPSCS) model with models that treat water as a freely diffusible tracer, using both simulations and experimental ASL brain imaging data at 1.5T from eight healthy subjects (24-80 years old). The FPSCS model yielded less errors in the least-squares sense in fitting brain ASL data in comparison with freely diffusible tracer models of water (P = 0.055). These results imply that restricted permeability of capillaries to water should be considered when brain ASL data are analyzed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)511-518
    Number of pages7
    JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2005


    • Arterial spin labeling
    • Blood flow
    • Endothelial permeability
    • Exchange time
    • Kinetic models
    • Magnetic resonance imaging


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